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Sensory integration

Sensory integration is the process by which we receive information through our senses and transfer them to the central nervous system. The brain arranges the gathered data, combines it, rejects unnecessary data so that the body is able to function properly.

Child’s inappropriate behavior can result from sensory integration dysfunctions. Both hypersensitivity and low sensitivity to touch, movement, smell, sounds are considered as symptoms of such impairments. Other signs of sensory integration dysfunction include hyperactivity, dullness, problems with movement coordination, problems with both small and large motor skills, speech development dysfunctions, learning difficulties, behavioral problems and low self-esteem.

As a result of sensory integration dysfunctions, children may face problems with:

  • sensory modulation (excessive or insufficient response),
  • perception (either faulty or distorted perception, for example of images),
  • vestibular system (problems with maintaining balance, clumsiness),
  • motor planning (problems with planning sequence of movements, reaction, foreseeing effects of particular movement).

Sensory integration is based on all senses of human body. Besides the most known ones, there are also senses that we might not be aware of. These include the sense of touch, sense of balance and proprioception.

Sense of touch allows to recognize the shape, texture and temperature of surrounding objects. Thanks to sense of touch, we are able to feel the gust of wind on our faces, scorching sunrays, hits, thrusts and touching of hand. Receptors hidden in our skin warn us about occurring danger with pain, but at the same time can also bring release and calmness when the touch is gentle and pleasant.

The vestibular system (sense of balance) is located in the inner ear. It allows us to coordinate the movement of body, head and eyes as well as maintain balance. Thanks to sense of balance, we are able to walk up a flight of stairs, walk through the curb, balance our body after tripping or being shoved as well as while swing on a swing.

The proprioceptive system uses all receptors in our muscles, joints and tendons. Proprioception allows us to control movement and body position in terms of position of different body parts towards each other. It also allows us to control the pressing force from our muscles and the bending angles of, for example, knees or elbows.

All these senses work independently but are also able to cooperate upon delivering full information to the brain.

  • Sensory integration and sensory integration disorders

    Sensory integration and sensory integration disorders

    The external world is full of various information, also often referred to as signals and stimuli. The brain receives them, processes them and “orders” the body to behave in a certain manner. This is how we are able to maintain balance, determine the length appropriately, hear, talk with a well-adjusted tone, shake each other’s hands and put food into our mouths etc. We perform all those activities automatically, just as in the case of breathing - without giving much focus on particular...

  • Weighted collar - always ready to help

    Weighted collar - always ready to help

    Weighted collars are much smaller than vests, which perform similar tasks. They do not cover the trunk, but they can be used in much more ways than their larger counterparts. Their size also allows them to carry with them easily - to kindergarten in a bag, to school in a backpack, to study in a bag.

  • Sensory path – therapy during fun

    Sensory path – therapy during fun

    Sensory integration disorders require appropriate therapy that ought to be complemented by additional accessories. One of such accessories is the sensory path – a therapeutic tool that combines treatment with good fun.

  • Fine motor skill activities

    Fine motor skill activities

    Hand and finger muscles, and thus manual skills are fastest growing in childhood. The processes that take place at such an early stage affect the whole later life of the child, since the efficiency of the hand largely determines the independence of the person. A small child does not know how to exercise and develop his or her capacity own capacity as fun. Let's have fun!

  • Weighted blanket and child - 6 ways for home therapy

    Weighted blanket and child - 6 ways for home therapy

    "Hot dog", "laptop", "Sleepover" - these are some of the uses of the Weighted blanket. The blanket is used for the therapeutic treatment of children with sensory integration problems, but that does not mean that it cannot be an attractive object for work and play. How can I use a weighted blanket in the daily care of a child?

  • Proprioceptive system dysfunctions - how to recognize them?

    Proprioceptive system dysfunctions - how to recognize them?

    Proprioceptive system is one of the three systems responsible for sensory and sensory integration. The other two are tactile and atrial. Dysfunction of the proprioceptive system can make it extremely difficult for a child to function in a community and cause it to be withdrawn. Why?

  • Let yourself relax

    Let yourself relax

    How to turn off thoughts and completely loosen muscles? Those who do not have serious health and life problems lay their head on a pillow and it is enough for their body to relax and start the regeneration process itself. After a suitable dose of sleep such people wake up refreshed and ready to take on new challenges. In the case of both physical and mental illness (including apathy, neurosis anxiety, depression), or in the case of negative emotions of experiencing or arousal of...

  • Positive Effects of a Weighted Blanket on Insomnia

    Positive Effects of a Weighted Blanket on Insomnia

    Positive Effects of a Weighted Blanket on Insomnia Please click here to read more

  • How does a weighted blanket work?

    How does a weighted blanket work?

    The weighted blanket stimulates proprioception - one of the senses responsible for feeling and moving your body. The long-term work of therapists using a weighted blanket has shown that the pressure of this type of comforter on the body significantly improves self-organization, that is, control over one's own body and mind. During the rest phase, while the blanket brings relaxation, faster relaxation and helps falling asleep, and provides a dream of better quality.

  • Weighted vest- a way to harness excess energy

    Weighted vest- a way to harness excess energy

    Weighted vest is the best option for people with sensory integration disorders who are overwhelmed with attention, are overly mobile or are looking for release. Perfect for use in kindergartens, schools and in places where it is required to focus for a longer time or where rigorous order of the day is required.

  • The weighted blanket - a luxury of a healthy sleep

    The weighted blanket - a luxury of a healthy sleep

    When a child is having difficulty relaxing his or her body, quieting his or her thoughts and falling asleep, the sensual cushion covers them, bringing relief and a sense of security. When an adult cannot sleep burdened by daily duties - the blanket acts as the best masseur. Soothing thoughts and calming nerves, letting you fall asleep and work better in the day. Its work is appreciated by therapists, parents, and especially those who need it.

  • How to fall asleep and help a baby to fall asleep

    How to fall asleep and help a baby to fall asleep

    The peaceful sleep of a child is a precious treasure for the whole family. Parents use this rest time to regenerate their own strength, while for children dreaming is a real life elixir.

  • Sensory integration with autistic children

    Sensory integration with autistic children

    Autistic children see, hear, feel and perceive the world around them in a special way. An unusual intensity of what they experience causes them to react unsystematic to the situation and behave in an incomprehensible manner to their surroundings. Is there a way to help autistic children function without any hindrance in our common world?

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