What is ADHD?
ADHD is a developmental disorder that affects 3 to 8% of people. The most severe symptoms of the disorder can be observed in children aged 6 to 9 years. At adolescence, symptoms disappear in about 30% of these children. In adulthood, Adults's ADHD are small in number (5-10%).
ADHD manifests itself in 3 areas: hyperactivity, concentration disorder, and excessive impulsivity.
Often referred to when the child constantly moves his arms, legs, moves or drills in place. A child with ADHD has difficulty maintaining relative stillness and calm. The compulsion to move is stronger than him. In addition to mobility, you can see too much talkativeness and loud behavior. Quiet and relaxing is such a difficult challenge for such a child. The children with ADHD is the problem of maintaining an appropriate level of concentration and commitment. No focus is particularly noticeable when you have to pay attention to uninteresting, tedious, long, persistent tasks.Has problems organizing tasks and work (for instance, does not manage time well; has messy, disorganized work; misses deadlines).Avoids or dislikes tasks that require sustained mental effort, such as preparing reports and completing forms
Concentration problems include omitting details, making mistakes with inattention, distracting and disabling attention during the class, avoiding difficult tasks, or delaying them until the last minute.
Children with ADHD are considered flabby because they often forget to take things from or to classes, lose things, do not remember their everyday duties.
ADHD-specific is also excessive impulsivity of children. Usually they cannot wait for their turn, so they often answer before someone can say the whole question, shout over their colleagues, interfering in the statements and actions of others,
ADHD coexisting conditions
Usually, developmental disorders are accompanied by other conditions, also in this case. ADHD is most commonly associated with oppositional-rebellious disorders, behavioral disorders, anxiety disorders, depression, tics, dyslexia, and dysgraphia.
Can ADHD be cured?
This disorder is not so much a cure, as leaving a child without help can result in huge emotional problems and difficulties in functioning in society.
Most commonly used are psychoeducation for parents and behavioral therapy. Children suffering from ADHD learn to control their own weaknesses, namely aggression and anger, they also learn to work in the community, as well as through sensory integration and biofeedback to improve concentration, exercise coordination, develop cognitive abilities. It is important that the adopted rules of conduct and exercise are used both in the therapeutic center and in the school, and above all in the home where the child spends most of time and is most freely.
Pharmacotherapy is also used to treat ADHD. It is very effective, but unfortunately does not eliminate the causes, only the symptoms.