Insomnia is an organ dysfunction that can manifest itself in many ways. One is the problem of falling asleep, the other - frequent awake during sleep, and another - for waking up early.
Do I suffer from insomnia?
To answer this question, you need to know what are the parameters of healthy sleep. Quality assessment of sleep is not just a matter of subjective feelings, and some information about its quality can be self-collected by observing the reactions of one's own body.
Falling asleep should not take more than half an hour, so if it takes 45 minutes and longer it may be a symptom of insomnia.
Repeated awakening at night is natural, but can be associated with insomnia if sleep breaks are too much (eg, a dozen) when waking and further falling asleep is felt and a nuisance for the sleeping person.
Too early to wake up without being able to sleep again can also be assessed. Although there are different individual needs for sleep duration, it is considered that sleep should not last less than 6 hours. The ultimate measure of the length of sleep is the well-being after waking up. Apathy, fatigue, fatigue just after a night of rest means poor quality sleep.
Observations of your own sleep should be carried out for quite some time. In medicine, sleeplessness is defined as a sleep disorder that repeats at least 3 times a week, which does not disappear after a month.
Why does insomnia appear?
The cause of insomnia can be many. Periodically, it can occur as a result of stress. Usually, however, this is a disorder coexisting with neurosis, depression, schizophrenia, pain, allergy, digestive disorders, thyroid disease, respiratory disease, cardiovascular or urinary system disorders, and central nervous system damage. Bad sleep quality is often a concern for people with sensory integration disorders including ADHD, autism, Asperger's Syndrome, Rett syndrome, Tourette's syndrome, etc. Insomnia can also be caused by the intake of psychoactive substances such as caffeine, alcohol, or drugs.
How to treat insomnia?
In severe states of sleep disorder, it may be necessary to have a pharmacological treatment. Various therapies can be helpful, such as biofeedback, relaxation techniques, use of load comforter. In each case, it is important to maintain a regular sleep pattern, to prepare the sleeping area by airing, to provide adequate air temperature (about 18 ° C), adequate humidity, separation from light (especially blue, emitted by computers and televisions) and noise.